If you’re in Maryland, you may have noticed various flies buzzing around. There’s a wide variety of insects that call Maryland home.
In our blog post, we’ll take a look at the different types of flies in Maryland, where they live, and what makes them unique.
Whether you’re just curious or looking for tips on how to keep your home fly-free, you’ll find something useful here.
So read on to learn more about the different types of flies in Maryland. Let’s dig in!
1. American Lady Butterfly
The American Lady butterfly (Vanessa virginiensis) is first on our list of types of flies in Maryland.
It is characterized by its reddish-orange or yellow coloration with white spots and can be found in gardens, fields, and wooded areas throughout the state.
These butterflies are most active during the day, but they are also known to feed at night. They feed on nectar from a wide range of plants, including clover, aster, and goldenrod.
The American Lady butterfly is an important pollinator and plays an important role in the environment.
The American Lady butterfly is threatened due to habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change.
As such, conservation efforts should be made to help protect this species. For example, providing more areas for the American Lady to breed and lay eggs in can help increase its population numbers.
Additionally, ensuring that gardens, fields, and wooded areas remain free from pesticides and other pollutants will help ensure their long-term survival.
2. American HoverFly
The American Hoverfly (Eupeodes spp.) is a type of fly that can be found in Maryland. These flies are generally small, dark-colored, and range in size from about 4-7mm.
They have a characteristic pattern of yellow and black stripes on their bodies, and their wings are transparent.
The hoverfly feeds on nectar, pollen, and other organic matter and is attracted to flowering plants.
They are considered beneficial as they help pollinate flowers. They also feed on aphids, helping to keep plant pest populations under control.
In addition to providing valuable pollination and pest control services, the American HoverFly is attractive to watch as they buzz around the garden.
They are quite agile and can hover in midair for long periods of time, hence their name.
Watching these types of flies in Maryland can be quite a calming activity and provides a welcome distraction in these challenging times.
3. American Bluet Damselfly
The American Bluet Damselfly (Enallagma spp.) is a small, delicate insect that is found across much of Maryland.
They are usually identified by their distinctive blue coloring, black markings, and yellow abdomen.
These flies have long, slender bodies and two pairs of wings that can reach up to 1.2 inches in length.
They prefer wetland areas and can often be seen hovering over water bodies or resting on vegetation.
These damselflies are considered beneficial insects as they feed on other small flies and mosquito larvae. They usually lay their eggs on aquatic plants and are active during the day.
American Bluet Damselfly populations in Maryland have been stable in recent years, and they can be found throughout the state in various habitats.
These are amazing types of flies in Maryland that you should know!
4. African Fig Fly
The African Fig Fly (Zaprionus indianus), also known as the Indian Fruit Fly, is a species of fly native to Africa and India but can also be found in some parts of Maryland.
This fly has a wide range of hosts, including fruits and vegetables, making it an important pest for agricultural production in Maryland.
It has black stripes on its abdomen, with a yellowish-brown or grayish body.
The African Fig Fly is considered a minor pest in Maryland but can still cause significant damage to crops.
It usually feeds on the fruits and vegetables that are found in home gardens or small farms in Maryland.
The female fly lays eggs inside the fruit or vegetable, and the larva hatch and feeds on the fruit.
The best way to control the African Fig Fly is to use insecticides specifically designed to target this fly species.
If you spot these flies in your garden or farm, it is important to act quickly and get rid of them before they cause any more damage to your crops.
While this fly can cause some damage, it is important to remember that it can also help pollinate certain flowers and plants.
If you have an infestation of African Fig Flies, consider using other pest control methods, such as companion planting or trapping.
So if you want to know the different types of flies in Maryland, here’s one!
5. American Rubyspot Damselfly
The American Rubyspot Damselfly (Hetaerina Americana) is one of Maryland‘s commonly found types of flies.
This small insect is identified by its brownish-gray coloring and the distinct ruby-colored spot near its wings’ base.
It measures about one to two inches in length and prefers slow-moving water, such as marshes and streams, to lay its eggs.
The adult American Rubyspot Damselfly feeds on flying insects, while the larvae feed on mosquito larvae and other aquatic creatures.
In addition, these damselflies help to keep mosquito populations in check and are therefore beneficial to humans.
In Maryland, the American Rubyspot Damselfly can be found throughout the state in wetland areas, especially in central Maryland.
While they are usually seen between April and August, they become more abundant during the warmer months.
If you want to see these beautiful insects on this list of the types of flies in Maryland up close, look for them near ponds, marshes, or rivers.
You may even be lucky enough to find one perched on a plant or rock along the shoreline!
6. American Salmonfly
The American Salmonfly (Pteronarcys dorsata) is a species of mayfly found in Maryland and other parts of the eastern United States.
It is a large, light-brown insect that is easily spotted due to its size and distinctive orange stripe running down the center of its wings.
Adult American Salmon Flies are active during the day and can be seen flying near water sources like rivers and ponds.
The larvae of these mayflies live in streams and rivers, where they feed on algae, decaying plants, and small organisms.
American Salmonflies are an important food source for fish, birds, and other wildlife. They also indicate healthy aquatic ecosystems since their presence indicates good water quality.
7. Black Firefly
The Black Firefly (Lucidota atra) is an insect that belongs to the Lampyridae family of beetles. This species is found in Maryland and some parts of the eastern United States.
The adults can reach a size of 11-15 millimeters in length and have a black body with orange spots on their wings.
The larvae are small, black, and usually found near woodpiles, decaying plant material, or moist soil.
The Black Firefly feeds on various insects, including aphids and other soft-bodied insects. They are nocturnal and are typically seen in the summer months.
They emit a distinctive flashing yellow light, which helps them attract mates and provides an important warning signal to predators.
As well as being beneficial to humans, they play an important role in the ecology of their habitat by providing food for many other species.
8. Black Blow Fly
The Black Blow Fly (Phormia Regina) is a common fly in Maryland. It has black, glossy eyes and an average size of 5 to 8 millimeters.
This species is one of the most common different types of flies in Maryland and is primarily found near carrion, animal feces, and garbage.
They typically rest on vegetation, walls, or window sills during the day. The larvae of this species can be found in decaying organic material and can reproduce quickly.
The female Black Blow Fly can lay up to 150 eggs simultaneously. These eggs then hatch into larvae within 24 hours, feeding on the decaying matter for around 10 days before emerging as adult flies.
The Black Blow Fly is an important species for the environment as it recycles dead matter, helping to clean up the environment.
They are also essential pollinators for many plants and trees, aiding the natural growth cycle.
9. Black Horse Fly
The Black Horse Fly, or Tabanus atratus, is a species of large fly commonly found in Maryland.
These different types of flies in Maryland are about 1/4 inch long and are usually black in color with yellowish or reddish-brown stripes on their abdomen.
They feed on the blood of mammals and birds and can be quite annoying when swarms gather.
The female Black Horse Fly uses her large mouth parts to bite humans or animals to feed. The males do not bite and instead feed on nectar from flowers.
Black Horse different types of flies in Maryland can be found in pastures and wooded areas as well as near ponds and rivers.
They are most active during the day and prefer warm weather. Control of Black Horse Flies is best done using insecticides or treating livestock with repellent sprays.
10. Black Soldier Fly
The Black Soldier Fly(Hermetia illucens) is a species of fly found in the state of Maryland. It is often seen in backyards, gardens, and other outdoor spaces.
These small different types of flies in Maryland are usually black in color and have short bodies and large wings. Their legs are short, and their abdomen is usually yellowish in color.
They feed on decaying organic matter and act as decomposers in their environment.
The Black Soldier Fly can be beneficial to Maryland gardeners as they help break down organic material and add nutrients to the soil.
They can also act as pollinators, helping to increase the diversity of plants in the area.
In addition, they can act as food sources for birds and other animals. As such, it is important to protect these insects and keep them in balance within the environment.
11. Black-horned Gem Fly
The Black-horned Gem Fly(Microchrysa polita) is a species of fly found in Maryland and other parts of the United States. It is a member of the family Chironomidae and is typically around 1/8 of an inch long.
It is usually black in color and has two prominent black horns on its head. This fly species typically can be seen near damp areas, such as rivers or creeks, and around rotting logs.
The Black-horned Gem Fly is beneficial to the environment because it helps break down organic matter, which can be used as plant nutrients.
They are also known to feed on small insects, such as mosquito larvae, which can help reduce populations of biting pests.
These different types of flies in Maryland can sometimes be mistaken for mosquitoes due to their size and coloration, but they are harmless and do not bite humans.
12. Black-tailed Bee Fly
The Black-tailed Bee Fly (Bombylius major) is next on our list of different types of flies in Maryland that can be found in other parts of the United States.
It is a small fly with a wingspan of between 5 and 15 mm and typically has a black and white body.
This fly species is known for its unique ability to hover in the air. The Black-tailed Bee Fly will visit flowers to feed on their nectar and pollen.
The Black-tailed Bee Fly is an important pollinator species in Maryland and other parts of the US. It plays a crucial role in helping plants reproduce, spreading pollen from one plant to another.
Additionally, they are considered beneficial predators, as they eat other smaller insects, such as aphids. As such, they can help to keep pest populations in check.
If you’re lucky enough to spot a Black-tailed Bee Fly, it’s important to remember that they are an important part of the environment.
Caddisflies(Various Spp) are small aquatic insects that are found throughout the state of Maryland. They belong to the order Trichoptera and are related to butterflies and moths.
They have a hard outer shell, similar to a caterpillar, which helps them survive in their aquatic environment.
Caddisfly larvae are found in various habitats, including ponds, streams, rivers, and even on the edges of saltwater marshes. Caddisfly larvae have three stages of life: the egg, larva, and pupa.
During the larval stage, they feed on algae, organic debris, and other invertebrates found in their aquatic environment.
As adults, caddisflies are short-lived and can be found in open areas, such as fields or meadows. They feed on pollen and nectar from flowers.
Caddisflies are important members of the aquatic food web. They provide food for fish and other aquatic creatures, such as dragonfly nymphs and frogs.
In addition, caddisflies can be indicators of water quality since their presence or absence can tell us about the health of an aquatic ecosystem.
Overall, caddisflies are a diverse group of aquatic insects that play an important role in Maryland’s aquatic ecosystems.
They can be found in various habitats and provide food for many other organisms.
So if you’re out exploring nature in Maryland, keep an eye out for these interesting and beneficial creatures!
14. Cimbicid Sawfly
The Cimbicid Sawfly (Abia Americana) is a type of fly that can be found in Maryland.
These different types of flies in Maryland are part of the Abia family, and they are usually seen from late spring through early fall in the United States.
They are also found in other areas of North America, including Canada and Mexico. Cimbicid Sawflies are characterized by their black bodies with yellow or brown wings and a pair of long antennae.
These sawflies have relatively small heads and long legs, allowing them to jump from one place to another. These flies’ larvae feed on various plants, especially members of the rose family.
These saw different types of flies in Maryland often form swarms, especially when they are mating.
As they do not bite or sting, they pose no threat to humans. Instead, they act as pollinators, helping to move pollen between different flowers.
As a result, they can play an important role in promoting a healthy ecosystem. Overall, the Cimbicid Sawfly (Abia Americana) is one type of fly that can be found in Maryland.
These insects are relatively harmless and play an important role in their natural environment if you happen to spot one of these flies while out and about, consider yourself lucky!
15. Common Green Bottle Fly
The Common Green Bottle Fly(Lucilia sericata) is found across Maryland and can be identified by its metallic green body and yellow stripes on the abdomen.
This fly species is a significant pest, as they are attracted to decaying organic matter and feces and will often be found near garbage cans, dumpsters, and other areas with decomposing materials.
Furthermore, these different types of flies in Maryland may also spread diseases like typhoid and dysentery, which can cause health problems in humans and animals.
To reduce the number of Common Green Bottle Flies in your home or business, it is important to clean up and dispose of all trash properly and regularly.
The Common Green Bottle Fly has two sets of wings and four stages in its life cycle. The adults lay eggs that hatch into maggots, which then enter the pupal stage before emerging as adults.
During the summer months, populations of this species can quickly increase.
Therefore, it is important to properly maintain the area around your home or business to reduce the number of Common Green Bottle Flies that can become established in the area.
16. Common Drone Fly
The Common Drone Fly (Eristalis tenax) is a type of fly found commonly in the state of Maryland.
These different types of flies in Maryland are usually seen hovering or resting on the tops of plants in fields and gardens.
These different types of flies in Maryland are known for their thick bodies, yellow markings on the thorax, and long hairs covering the wings.
The Common Drone Fly is a beneficial insect as they feed on nectar, pollinating flowers and controlling pest populations.
This type of fly can be difficult to distinguish from other types of flies.
To identify the Common Drone Fly, look for its short antennae, red eyes, and yellow stripes on its abdomen. It’s important to note that this species has a distinct buzzing noise when it flies.
If you spot one in your garden, consider yourself lucky these beneficial bugs will help control other pests and help pollinate your plants!
17. Coffin Fly
The Coffin fly(Ephemera guttulata) is an aquatic fly species found in many parts of Maryland. This species is often seen near streams and rivers and feeds on decaying organic matter.
The adult different types of flies in Maryland have distinctive wings with yellowish-brown markings. They are also known for their long, slender abdomen.
Coffin Fly larvae are also aquatic and live in the sediment of streams and ponds. They feed on decaying material and detritus and help to break down organic matter in their habitat.
Coffin Flies are important components of healthy aquatic ecosystems, helping to keep streams and rivers clean by breaking down organic matter.
It is important to be aware of these different types of flies in Maryland to protect Maryland’s waterways from contamination.
In addition, these different types of flies in Maryland can provide valuable food sources for other aquatic species, such as fish and frogs.
18. Common Oblique Syrphid Fly
The Common Oblique Syrphid Fly (Allograpta obliqua) is a hoverfly species found in Maryland. It has long wings with yellowish-brown and black patterns, and its body is yellowish-brown in color.
The Common Oblique Syrphid Fly feeds on nectar and pollen from flowers. It typically flies around during the day but can also be seen at night.
In Maryland, the Common Oblique Syrphid Fly is a beneficial insect that helps pollinate crops and gardens.
It can also help reduce the number of harmful insects in an area by predating on them. While it is not a major pest, it can cause some damage to plants by feeding on the flowers.
19. Common Stonefly
The Common Stonefly (Paragnetina media) is a type of fly found in Maryland. It is one of North America’s most abundant and widely distributed species of stoneflies.
The adult form of this species is about 10 mm in length, with a wide head, small eyes, and a blackish-brown coloration.
They have translucent wings and can be used for flying or gliding. Common Stoneflies feed on aquatic insects and terrestrial prey, such as spiders and other arthropods.
They prefer to live in fast-flowing rivers and streams, but they can also be found in Stillwater habitats.
They are an important part of the food web in their natural habitat, providing an important food source for many fish and other aquatic animals.
These different types of flies in Maryland are important to the ecosystem’s health, helping maintain water quality and balance in Maryland.
20. Compton Tortoiseshell Butterfly
The Compton Tortoiseshell Butterfly (Nymphalis l-album) is a type of fly native to Maryland. It can be found in open fields, meadows, and other grassy areas.
The butterfly has a distinctive brown-and-orange pattern on its wings, which helps it stand out against the background.
This fly species is quite common and can often be seen flying around flowers or perching on vegetation.
Although they may not seem like a fly at first glance, they are actually part of the fly family.
These butterflies can play an important role in the ecosystem by pollinating plants, helping to maintain the balance of nature.
They are also food sources for many species of birds, bats, and other animals. If you see one of these beauties flying around your backyard or garden, consider yourself lucky!
You can help protect them by avoiding the use of pesticides and providing plenty of flowering plants for them to feed on.
21. Crane Fly
The Crane Fly (Brachypremna dispellens) is next on our list of different types of flies in Maryland.
This species can be identified by its slender, long legs and its wings, which are almost transparent.
The fly’s body is typically dark brown in color, and the head has an elongated shape. They have a long proboscis, which they use to feed on nectar from flowers.
They can also be found around decaying organic matter and dead insects, as this is their main food source.
The Crane Fly is a beneficial insect for the environment, as it helps to reduce the populations of other species, such as mosquitoes and midges.
These different types of flies in Maryland also provide important pollination services, as they can pollinate many plants.
The larvae of the Crane Fly are aquatic, which helps to improve water quality as they eat algae, detritus, and other organic material.
Therefore, it is important to be aware of the presence of this species when gardening or enjoying the outdoors in Maryland.
22. Dark Fishfly
Dark Fishfly (Nigronia spp.) is a family of flies found in the Maryland area that is characterized by its deep black color and distinctive yellowish-brown wing spots.
These different types of flies in Maryland are typically found around areas of slow-moving water, such as rivers and streams, and are known to be quite active during the summer months.
Dark Fishfly larvae can often be found clinging to aquatic vegetation and submerged rocks, feeding on detritus and other small prey.
Dark Fishfly adults are usually around 8 mm long and have long slender bodies. They also have two long wings with dark markings, which gives them their name.
While these flies can be annoying, they pose no threat to humans and can actually help to reduce the mosquito population in areas where they are present.
23. Deer Fly
The Deer Fly ( Chrysops vittatus) is a species of fly found throughout Maryland. These small different types of flies in Maryland are dark-colored and have yellowish patches on their wings and striped bodies.
They are most commonly found in open woodlands and meadows, but they can also be spotted around lakes and streams.
Deer of different types of flies in Maryland have piercing and sucking mouthparts, allowing them to feed on the blood of mammals, including humans.
They are also known to bite horses and livestock, making them a nuisance for farmers. Deer flies are active during the day and are attracted to warm, sunny spots.
They usually lay their eggs on the water’s surface, which hatch into larvae that feed on organic matter in the water.
Adults can live up to two months during the summer season when they are most active.
The best way to avoid being bitten by a deer fly is to wear long-sleeved shirts and hats while outdoors, which helps reduce the chances of being bitten by one of these pesky flies.
24. Dogwood Sawfly
The Dogwood Sawfly (Macremphytus tarsatus) is one of the most common flies found in Maryland.
This species can be identified by its yellowish-brown body and black wings. It has an elongated abdomen that is covered with small hairs and is usually seen resting on leaves or flying around plants.
Dogwood Sawflies feed on plant material and are known to cause significant damage to flowering plants, trees, and shrubs.
They can also be a nuisance to humans if they enter our homes. It is important to be aware of this species if you live in or visit Maryland, as they can be an unwelcome guest.
To prevent these pesky different types of flies in Maryland from invading your space, it is important to take steps to protect your plants and trees.
Pruning dead branches, keeping a clean yard, and using insect repellents can help reduce their numbers and keep them away from your property.
Additionally, you can contact a professional pest control company to assist with more effective management of the Dogwood Sawfly.
Taking the time to monitor your environment for these insects is the best way to protect yourself and your plants from their potential damage.
25. Eastern Forktail Damselfly
The Eastern Forktail Damselfly(Iscnura verticalis) is a type of fly that can be found in Maryland. This species is known for its characteristic bright yellow and black body, with its eyes on the head’s sides.
The Eastern Forktail Damselfly is typically found near slow-moving streams and rivers, where it can lay eggs on the water’s surface.
The larvae of this species live in the sediment near the water’s edge and emerge from the water as adults.
These different types of flies in Maryland are important to the ecosystem because they act as pollinators, feeding on nectar from flowers. They also help to keep aquatic insect populations under control.
This species is not considered a nuisance to humans, as it does not bite or transmit any diseases.
Although these different types of flies in Maryland are relatively harmless, it is important to note that they can bite if provoked.
People who encounter these flies should take caution not to disturb them and use appropriate protective gear to avoid any potential injuries.
In conclusion, the Eastern Forktail Damselfly is a type of fly found in Maryland. It is important to note that these insects can bite if provoked and that people should use caution when interacting with them.
They benefit the environment as they act as pollinators and help keep aquatic insect populations under control.
26. Elm Sawfly
The Elm Sawfly (Cimbex Americanus), also known as the American Elm Sawfly, is one of Maryland’s most commonly different types of flies.
This species of sawfly is native to North America and can be found in a variety of habitats throughout Maryland.
The Elm Sawfly has a dark, slender body, and its wings are often light brown. Its eyes are usually yellow or red in color.
These sawflies feed on the foliage of elm trees and other types of woody plants such as dogwoods, maples, and oaks.
Their larvae can cause damage to trees by feeding on the leaves, and they can also be vectors for disease.
Control methods such as insecticides and pruning are recommended to manage these pests.
27. European Drone Fly
The European Drone Fly (Eristalis arbustorum) is a hoverfly species and is also one of the types of flies in Maryland.
This species is relatively small, with a body length of only 8-10 mm, and has distinctive yellow or orange coloring with a dark band across the abdomen.
It typically frequents areas with dense vegetation, including woodlands and gardens.
As an adult, the European Drone Fly feeds on nectar and pollen from flowers, and its larvae feed on decaying organic matter, such as decomposing plants and fungi.
As a result, the European Drone Fly can play an important role in maintaining healthy ecosystems and aiding in pollination.
28. Filter Fly
Filter flies(Clogmia albipunctata), also on our list of different types of flies in Maryland, are small, dark-colored flies that are typically found in warm areas.
In Maryland, these flies are commonly seen in warmer months around sources of moisture such as swimming pools, ponds, and other water sources.
While the Filter Fly is not a serious pest, it is known to bite humans if disturbed. They can be identified by their shiny black abdomen and yellow stripes on their thorax and head.
Filter different types of flies in Maryland are attracted to light and usually gather around windows at night, which can be an annoyance.
It is important to keep windows closed or covered with screens to reduce their presence.
29. Brown Mantidfly
The Brown Mantidfly (Climaciella brunnea) is a species of fly that can be found in Maryland.
This fly is characterized by its dark brown to black wings and yellow-green abdomen with light spots. Its most distinguishing feature is its long antennae, which look like small horns.
The Brown Mantidfly is a member of the Neuroptera family, which includes other flies such as lacewings and antlions.
It is a beneficial species, as it feeds on small insects such as aphids, thrips, and mites, helping to keep these pests under control in Maryland’s gardens and landscapes.
The Brown Mantidfly, the first on this list of the different types of flies in Maryland, can be found throughout the state.
They tend to prefer areas with plenty of flowers, weeds, and trees. They are usually spotted flying around in late summer and fall.
Moving on, they can be identified by their distinctive wings and antennae, making them easy to spot in the landscape.
Identifying these beneficial fly species can help keep pest populations under control in your garden and landscape.
30. Cabbage White Butterfly
The cabbage white butterfly, or Pieris rapae, is one of the most common types of flies in Maryland.
This species of fly is a small white butterfly with two pairs of black spots and two sets of yellow-orange markings on its wings. It is typically found near vegetation, such as cabbages and other cruciferous plants.
This type of fly generally prefers warm and sunny weather, which is most often seen in the summertime.
During its flight, it appears to be a fluttering white cloud, making it one of the state’s most beautiful species of flies.
Cabbage white butterflies feed on nectar from flowers and also feast on plant leaves.
These small insects have a short lifespan, but their numbers are replenished yearly because they lay eggs on the leaves of their host plants.
This makes them one of the few insects on this list of the types of flies in Maryland that can survive the harsh winter months in Maryland.
Furthermore, they are also beneficial for farmers as they can act as pollinators for their crops. In addition, these little flies are known to be resistant to some pest control methods.
This makes them a natural choice for gardeners looking to protect their plants from damage.
31. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly
The Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly, or Phoebis sennae, is a beautiful yellow butterfly native to Maryland.
This butterfly species is known for its bright yellow wings and white spots on its abdomen. Its wingspan ranges from one and a half to two and a half inches wide.
It prefers to feed on nectar from flowers such as azaleas, dogwoods, and goldenrods.
The Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly can also be found in meadows, open fields, and suburban gardens.
The caterpillar stage of this species is a yellow-green color with black stripes, often found munching on legumes, such as clover and alfalfa. It is also present on our list of the different types of flies in Maryland!
32. Common Buckeye Butterfly
The Common Buckeye Butterfly (Junonia coenia) is one of the many types of flies in Maryland. It has a wingspan of about 2 inches and is predominantly brown with white and black markings.
The underside of the wings is often more ornate, featuring yellow, orange, and white stripes.
This type of fly is commonly found in fields, gardens, and other grassy areas. It prefers to feed on the nectar of flowers, especially purple coneflowers, thistles, and milkweed.
The Common Buckeye Butterfly is an important pollinator in Maryland, playing a crucial role in supporting local ecosystems.
The larvae of the species feed on members of the plantain family, which can help keep plantain populations in check.
In addition, the species helps to support many bird species, such as the Baltimore Oriole and Bobolink, who use its caterpillars as a food source for their young.
33. Coral Hairstreak Butterfly
The Coral Hairstreak Butterfly (Satyrium titus) is a type of fly that can be seen in Maryland, typically during the late spring and summer months.
The butterfly has striking bright orange and yellow wings with a hint of black around the edges.
It’s considered fairly common in the state and often seen in gardens or other areas with flowering plants.
This species of butterfly feeds on nectar from various flowers, and they lay eggs on the underside of leaves, which hatch into small caterpillars.
Although these butterflies are delicate and beautiful, they are not especially long-lived and only live for about 2 weeks.
More types of flies in Maryland are coming up on this list; continue reading!
The Dobsonfly, or Corydalus cornutus, is a species of fly found in the Eastern United States.
It is a large fly with a body measuring up to two inches in length and wings spanning up to five inches wide.
The larvae of the Dobsonfly live in the streams and rivers of Maryland and other states along the East Coast.
The adult fly is often seen near water sources, feeding on small insects such as midges and mosquitoes.
The Dobsonfly is a nocturnal insect and can be seen flying around lights at night.
Its most distinctive features are its large mandibles and long pincers, making them look like a small dragon.
The Dobsonfly is an important insect in Maryland’s ecosystem as they help to control the population of other flying insects such as midges and mosquitoes.
They also serve as food for many different animals, such as birds and frogs. Equally important to note, they are amazing types of flies in Maryland, you should know.
The larvae of the Dobsonfly can be a valuable source of protein for fish and other aquatic organisms.
As a result, protecting the streams and rivers in Maryland from pollution is essential to ensure that the Dobsonfly can continue to thrive.
35. Eastern-Tailed Blue Butterfly
The Eastern-tailed Blue butterfly (Cupido comyntas) is a species of butterfly found in Maryland. The species is small in size, measuring between 1-1.5 inches in wingspan.
It has a distinctive blue-gray coloration on its upper wings, with a white and yellow pattern on the underside of its wings.
The Eastern-tailed Blue Butterfly is a nectar feeder, primarily feeding off flowers and fruits.
These butterflies can often be spotted flitting from flower to flower in gardens and meadows throughout Maryland.
The Eastern-tailed Blue butterfly typically appears from late spring through summer and can often be seen in large numbers.
Though they are common across Maryland, they are more common in western regions. They are considered important pollinators, aiding in the growth of native plants and flowers in the area.
The Eastern-tailed Blue butterfly is a unique species on this list of types of flies in Maryland that adds beauty and life to the state’s landscape.
36. Aphrodite Fritillary Butterfly
The Aphrodite Fritillary Butterfly (Speyeria aphrodite) is a species of butterfly found in Maryland. It belongs to the family Nymphalidae, which includes most of the North American Fritillaries.
These butterflies are medium to large-sized, with wingspans ranging from 1.5 to 3 inches.
They are types of flies in Maryland with orange and brown wings with white spots on the hindwing.
The Aphrodite Fritillary Butterflies can be found in various habitats, such as meadows, woodland edges, and gardens. They are also very active during summer, flying in search of nectar sources.
The Aphrodite Fritillary Butterflies are important pollinators in Maryland, as they feed on nectar and pollen from various flowering plants.
They are also important predators of agricultural pests, such as aphids and caterpillars.
As such, these butterflies play an important role in the local environment, helping to maintain a healthy balance between plants and insects.
37. Atlantis Fritillary Butterfly
The Atlantis Fritillary Butterfly, also known as Speyeria atlantis, is a species of butterfly found in Maryland.
This butterfly species is easily identified by its bright orange-red body, with distinctive white and yellow spots on its wings. These butterflies are typically seen in meadows, roadsides, and other open areas.
The habitat range for the Atlantis Fritillary Butterfly is widespread across the eastern United States and Canada.
They are relatively common throughout Maryland and can be seen from late May through early September.
The Atlantis Fritillary Butterfly is an important species in Maryland because it serves as a pollinator and food source for many animals.
Plus, it is an important part of the natural food web, providing nectar for bees, wasps, and other insects and providing a protein source for birds and other small mammals.
This species also helps support plant diversity by serving as a pollinator for many plants, including wildflowers and trees.
In addition, the colorful wings of the Atlantis Fritillary Butterfly, one of the types of flies in Maryland, help add beauty to our environment.
38. Band-Winged Hoverfly
The Band-winged Hoverfly (Ocyptamus fascipennis) is a species of fly native to Maryland and is known for its unique patterned wings, which feature brown and yellow stripes.
This fly can be seen flying around grasslands, forests, and near wetlands, streams, and ponds.
It is one of the types of flies in Maryland, and it feeds on nectar from flowers and other plants and is an important pollinator in the Maryland ecosystem.
This species is also an important food source for birds and other wildlife, making it an important part of the food chain.
Its larvae are found in rotting wood and wet areas, helping to break down organic matter and enrich the soil.
The Band-winged Hoverfly is an important species in the conservation of Maryland’s biodiversity, playing a vital role in maintaining healthy populations of native wildlife and plants.
Furthermore, it is also important for the environment’s health and the local economy since it helps ensure the continued production of crops and other agricultural products.
To protect this species and its habitat, it is important to take steps to reduce pollution and minimize human activity in areas where they are found.
This species can continue to provide valuable benefits to Maryland’s natural ecosystems with proper management.
39. Bee Fly
The bee fly is not excluded from our list of the various types of flies in Maryland. This fly species is striking, featuring a thick body and bright yellow stripes running along its back.
The bee fly has large eyes, long antennae, and a long proboscis, which it uses to sip on nectar from flowers.
They also have a wide wingspan that helps them maneuver quickly around their environment.
The bee fly is important to the Maryland ecosystem as they are an important pollinator for many plants and flowers.
Bee flies are known to be one of the earliest springtime pollinators and can be found buzzing around flowers in early spring.
As such, their presence helps ensure a successful and abundant flowering season for many plants and flowers in the state.
40. Big Dipper Firefly
The Big Dipper Firefly (Photinus pyralis) is an orange and black beetle that is commonly found in the Maryland area. It can often be seen flitting around dusk, searching for mates during summer.
This firefly species belongs to the genus Photinus and is distinguished by its black and yellow markings.
The Big Dipper Firefly, one of the types of flies in Maryland, is also known for its ability to produce a light display. This display may have up to three flashes, often coming in waves or bursts.
This species is a very important pollinator in the Maryland region and is one of the main reasons its insect populations thrive.
The Big Dipper Firefly is important to the overall ecosystem in Maryland because it helps to pollinate many of the native plants and flowers in the area.
This species helps promote genetic diversity in the local flora by spreading pollen, which can benefit humans and animals.
In addition, the Big Dipper Firefly is a food source for many bird species, such as swallows, waxwings, and some species of warblers.
As a result, it plays an important role in maintaining a healthy and balanced ecosystem in the Maryland region
41. Black Onion Fly
The Black Onion Fly (Tritoxa flexa), also known as the Lesser Onion Fly, is a small fly native to Maryland. These flies are typically black and grow to be about 3-4 millimeters in length.
The Black Onion Fly can be found in areas with moist soil, where they feed on onion and garlic plants.
They are types of flies in Maryland and can also be found near compost piles or manure piles. Because these flies are so small, they can be difficult to spot.
However, their presence can be easily identified due to the damage they cause to the plants they feed on.
They can create yellowish spots on the leaves of onion and garlic plants and may even cause the plant to wilt if they become particularly abundant.
Control methods for the Black Onion Fly include hand-picking or trapping adult flies and insecticides to reduce the number of larvae present.
From Mayflies to Houseflies, Maryland is home to many types of flies. These insects are a nuisance and can impact the environment and local ecosystems.
Here, we discussed the different types of flies in Maryland, their behavior, and why it matters to know about them.
We also discussed ways to protect yourself and your property from these pesky critters.
So, if you’re wondering about the types of flies in Maryland, read the guide above!