20 Different Types of Meat (With Pictures)

Different Types of Meat
Photo by Natalia Gusakova on Unsplash

Meat is a staple food in many cultures around the world, and people consume different types of meat.

While some individuals prefer to stick to just one type of meat, others are more adventurous and like to try different types of meat.

If you fall into the latter category or are just curious about the different types of meat, then you’re in luck! 

Our comprehensive guide will take you through the different types of meat, including beef, pork, lamb, and poultry, to help you understand their differences and how they can be prepared.

So, let’s dive in and learn all the meaty facts!

1. Turkey

by chooyutshing is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Turkey is first on our list of different types of meat. It’s a popular meat for holiday meals but can also be enjoyed year-round.

It is a lean protein that is rich in flavor and can be cooked in various ways, including roasted, grilled, or fried. 

Turkey is also a great source of vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins, selenium, and phosphorus.

One of the benefits of cooking a turkey is that it is a versatile meat that can be used in various dishes.

There are countless ways to incorporate this lean protein into your diet, from turkey burgers to turkey chili. 

Turkey can also be a healthier alternative to other meats, as it is lower in fat and calories than beef and pork.

So whether you are cooking a Thanksgiving feast or looking for a healthy meal option, turkey is a great choice that you will love too.

2. Duck

by chooyutshing is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Duck meat is also one of the versatile and flavorful types of meat often enjoyed for its rich taste and tender texture.

Unlike the chicken, the duck has a higher fat content, making it especially moist and tender. It is a popular meat used in many cultures worldwide and can be prepared in various ways.

Roasting a duck is a classic way to prepare this type of meat. To achieve crispy skin and tender meat, it is important to first score the skin and remove any excess fat before cooking.

Duck is also commonly used in Chinese cuisine, where it is roasted or braised and served with various vegetables and sauces.

Aside from the meat itself, duck fat is also a highly prized ingredient used in cooking. It is often used to fry potatoes and other vegetables, giving them a rich and flavorful taste.

So the next time you come across a duck on a menu or at your local grocery store, consider giving it a try for a delicious and unique meal.

3. Cow

by quinet is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Cow, also known as beef, is one of the world’s most commonly consumed different types of meat. It comes from cows and is a rich source of protein, iron, and various vitamins.

Beef is available in various cuts, from ground beef to steak, and can be prepared in various ways, including grilling, roasting, and stir-frying.

When it comes to beef, the quality and tenderness of the meat are determined by the age and breed of the cow, as well as the cut of meat.

Prime cuts of beef, such as tenderloin and ribeye, are considered the most tender and flavorful, while tougher cuts, such as chuck and round, require longer cooking times and can benefit from marinades and slow cooking methods.

Regardless of the cut, beef can be a delicious and satisfying addition to any meal.

4. Alligator and Crocodile

Alligator and Crocodile
by welix is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Alligators and crocodiles are both types of exotic meat gaining popularity in many parts of the world.

While they are both reptiles, there are a few differences between them regarding the meat’s taste and texture. 

Alligator meat is typically lean and flavorful, with a texture similar to chicken or pork. On the other hand, crocodile meat is often described as more succulent, with a texture comparable to fish or shellfish.

Both alligator and crocodile meat are rich in protein and low in fat, making them a healthy alternative to more traditional meats like beef or pork.

They are also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which have been linked to a number of health benefits, such as reducing inflammation and improving heart health.

However, because alligator and crocodile meat are considered exotic, they can be expensive and not readily available in all areas. 

Despite the cost and availability issues, alligator and crocodile meat have become increasingly popular among adventurous eaters and those looking for a new and exciting culinary experience.

Whether grilled, roasted, or smoked, these unique meats offer a flavorful and nutrient-rich alternative to more traditional meats and are worth trying at least once for adventure.

5. Buffalo

by Gudlyf is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Buffalo meat, bison meat, is a popular lean protein option. This meat is known for being low in fat and protein, making it a great option for those watching their waistline. 

It’s also a good source of iron and vitamin B12. Buffalo meat can be cooked in various ways, including grilling, roasting, and stewing.

Many people prefer the taste of buffalo meat to beef because it has a slightly sweeter flavor. Consider adding buffalo to your diet if you want a healthier meat option.

6. Fish

by eekim is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Next on our list of different types of meat is fish. The variety of fish meat is as diverse as the different fish species, offering an extensive range of options such as salmon, cod, sardines, and many more.

Every country with access to sizable bodies of water boasts its own seafood delicacies, and you may even have your personal favorites.

Fish meat is widely regarded as one of the healthiest meat options available.

In fact, many individuals who typically avoid other types of meat choose to include fish in their diets, identifying as pescatarians.

Fish oil is notably abundant in omega-3 fatty acids, which have been discussed earlier in this article for their numerous health benefits. 

Additionally, fish meat tends to be lower in fat compared to red meat, making it an appealing choice for meat enthusiasts seeking a healthier alternative.

Furthermore, fish is known for its delectable flavor and versatility in cooking, lending itself to a wide range of delicious culinary preparations.

7. Crustaceans

by snowpea&bokchoi is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Crabs, lobsters, and shrimp are highly favored choices of meat enjoyed by many individuals.

However, if you follow the dietary laws of Judaism as a devout Jew, their consumption is prohibited. Lobsters are widely regarded as a delicacy in numerous regions.

At the same time, the availability and perception of crabs can vary depending on the specific variety, ranging from being considered a delicacy to being more commonly consumed.

Similar to other types of seafood, crab meat, and other crustacean meats are notable for their high content of beneficial omega-3 fatty acids.

They also offer a rich source of proteins and essential minerals. In particular, they provide significant amounts of phosphorus and copper, crucial in developing and maintaining the body’s structural framework.

8. Snails

by Wilson Hui is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Snails are also among the most renowned exotic types of meat available.

Snails, often associated with France, where they are savored as a delicacy called escargot, are consumed in various parts of the world. 

In certain regions of Asia, snails are a regular part of the culinary repertoire.

These different types of meat thrive in rice paddies or shallow bodies of water and are commonly cooked with coconut milk or other flavorful ingredients.

According to health experts, snail meat boasts an impressive nutritional profile. It is abundant in protein, iron, calcium, and other essential minerals while low in fat.

In fact, snail meat is widely regarded as one of the healthiest meat options, particularly due to its ability to provide significant nutritional value in relatively small servings.

9. Squids and Octopuses

Squids and Octopuses
by 16:9clue is licensed under CC BY 2.0

You may have probably tasted squid at some point in your life, as they are quite popular in the realm of seafood.

When consumed in moderation, squid meat can be a valuable source of omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, and selenium.

However, it is important to exercise caution and avoid excessive consumption, as squids are known to have high cholesterol levels.

In certain regions, octopuses are also included in culinary traditions. Fried octopuses, in particular, share a similar taste profile to squids.

Octopus meat offers many health benefits as squid meat, such as omega-3 fatty acids and valuable nutrients.

Additionally, due to its classification as lean meat, the octopus can be a favorable choice for individuals seeking to manage their food intake and opt for a healthier option.

10. Guinea Pigs

Guinea Pigs
by nicolasnova is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Guinea pigs are commonly cherished as pets by many people. They are adored for their cuteness and lovable nature. The thought of eating them may seem unconventional to most.

However, guinea pigs are considered a delicacy in certain regions of the world. Peru, in particular, is renowned for its traditional fried guinea pig dish.

Some sources have drawn comparisons between the taste of guinea pig meat and that of ducks or rabbits. 

The skin, in particular, is said to be exceptionally delicious.

Due to its lean meat and rich B vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids, some health experts have promoted the consumption of guinea pig meat for its potential health benefits.

11. Snake

by iefetell is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

According to various sources, snake meat is often regarded as an introduction to different types of meat for many individuals.

The taste of snake meat varies depending on the species, with comparisons ranging from chicken to alligator, frog, or even quail.

Furthermore, the snake’s diet can influence its flavor, with snakes that consume a substantial amount of insects having a taste reminiscent of those insects.

Traditionally, snake soup was a popular dish in China, believed to offer numerous health benefits.

However, the scientific evidence supporting these claims is limited.

Nevertheless, snake meat has received endorsements from certain chefs and nutritionists who emphasize its nutritional value due to its low-fat content and high protein count. And you will like it! 

12. Frog

by James Sarmiento is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

In numerous Western countries, frog meat is commonly perceived as exotic.

Nonetheless, it holds a prominent place in the culinary traditions of other nations, particularly France, where it is considered a delicacy.

Frog consumption is also prevalent in various Asian countries.

The taste of frog meat is often likened to chicken. In fact, frog legs are often prepared in a similar manner, coated in batter and fried.

Frog meat has high protein content and is rich in minerals and omega-3 fatty acids. 

Consequently, some experts recommend including it in one’s diet. However, there has been considerable criticism surrounding the trade of frog meat.

It has been associated with the decline in frog populations in France and elsewhere, raising concerns about sustainability.

13. Dog

by Sandro_Lacarbona is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Dog meat stands as one of the most taboo different types of meat, carrying significant cultural and religious restrictions on its consumption.

It has sparked intense controversy among animal activists and the general public alike. 

Despite these controversies, dog meat is regarded as a delicacy in certain regions, such as parts of China and Vietnam.

Moreover, a thriving dog meat trade exists in numerous countries, even in those where its consumption is legally prohibited.

Unlike the previously mentioned meats, experts widely discourage dog meat consumption.

This recommendation stems not only from concerns regarding animal rights but also due to the low nutritional value it offers compared to alternative meats.

Additionally, dog meat consumption poses a high risk of causing various illnesses.

While certain traditional cultures ascribed specific benefits to eating dogs, none of these claims have been scientifically proven.

14. Rabbit

by Chiot’s Run is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0

Rabbit meat continues to be perceived as exotic by many individuals, especially considering that rabbits are commonly kept as pets. The idea of consuming them may seem unusual to some.

However, despite these perceptions, rabbit meat has received endorsements from certain nutritionists and economists.

The process of raising rabbits for meat is less resource-intensive compared to many other types of meat production.

Not only does it require fewer resources, but it also leaves a smaller environmental footprint. 

Furthermore, rabbit meat is known for being leaner than several mainstream alternatives while offering high levels of proteins, minerals, and B vitamins.

Nevertheless, due to the prevailing stigmas surrounding the consumption of rabbits, it is not currently considered a widely popular food source.

Consequently, rabbit meat can be relatively expensive compared to more commonly consumed meats.

15. Kangaroo

by MarxFoods.com is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Kangaroo meat remains a relatively novel delicacy, even within Australia.

Until recently, kangaroo meat was primarily marketed for pet consumption rather than human consumption.

Even today, while its popularity has increased, most Australians do not regularly include it in their diets.

Advocates of kangaroo meat highlight its abundant nutritional value. Notably, it boasts a high iron content compared to more commonly consumed meats. 

Kangaroo meat is also a rich source of proteins, B vitamins, and minerals.

Additionally, it is considered lean meat, making it an appealing choice for individuals who are conscious of their weight management.

16. Bison

Bison meat stands out as one of the more uncommon red meat you may encounter.

Its association with prehistoric times, where bison were hunted and their meat consumed by early humans, maybe the initial impression that comes to mind.

Bison meat continues to be enjoyed today, and its popularity steadily increases.

Bison meat is often compared to beef in terms of taste and texture. However, it is notably leaner, which can appeal to individuals seeking to reduce their fat intake. 

Additionally, bison meat is abundant in minerals and B vitamins. This makes it an excellent choice for those looking to benefit from the consumption of red meat while reducing their reliance on beef or pork.

17. Sheep

by Paul Keller is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Sheep meat, commonly referred to as mutton, encompasses both the meat of young sheep, known as lamb, and that of mature sheep.

Irrespective of the terminology, mutton is renowned for its distinctively gamey flavor and luscious texture, often making it a sought-after delicacy in various restaurants.

Interestingly, mutton typically contains a higher fat content compared to beef.

However, because most sheep raised for meat are grass-fed, their meat offers better overall health benefits than many types of beef. 

Additionally, mutton is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids and various essential minerals.

These different types of meat have been associated with numerous health advantages, including the potential to reduce blood pressure levels.

18. Pork

by jimmiehomeschoolmom is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Next on our list of different types of meat is pork. Unless you abstain from consuming it, most likely due to religious reasons, pork will likely be one of the meats you frequently include in your diet.

Pork is relatively affordable and offers numerous cooking possibilities, making it a popular choice. 

In certain countries, pork is widely available and commonly consumed. Pork carries certain negative connotations.

Its high-fat content makes it a type of meat that health professionals recommend limiting in one’s diet. 

Moreover, religious beliefs often discourage pork consumption, partly due to the perceived impurity associated with pigs.

Nevertheless, when consumed in moderation, pork can provide valuable nutrients. 

It is notably rich in vitamins B6 and B12 and essential minerals like iron and zinc. Additionally, pork is a good source of thiamine and selenium, which support various bodily processes.

19. Chicken

by Rex Roof is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Chicken is the most widely consumed poultry worldwide, and it is for a good reason.

Raising chickens is relatively simple, making them a dependable source of meat, and their consumption is generally unrestricted across most cultures.

Fried chicken chains like KFC have played a significant role in making chicken ubiquitous.

However, it can also be enjoyed through various cooking methods such as roasting, baking, steaming, etc.

Health professionals emphasize that chicken meat is generally considered safer than red meat. Specifically, roasted, baked, or steamed chicken is healthier than fried chicken. 

You can’t believe that chicken meat provides a valuable supply of protein, amino acids, B vitamins, and minerals.

Breast meat, in particular, is deemed a leaner option than the leg or thigh parts.

Furthermore, certain studies have even suggested a potential link between chicken consumption and a reduced risk of conditions like cancer.

If you aim to reduce your meat intake without adopting a fully vegetarian lifestyle, chicken is an excellent choice if you opt for non-fried preparations.

Fried chicken is generally regarded as unhealthy, especially when consumed excessively.

20. Red Beef

Red Beef - Different Types of Meat
by larryjh1234 is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Ending our list, red meat is commonly savored in steaks, hamburgers, and other delectable grilled or fried dishes.

In regions where pork consumption is limited due to cultural or religious reasons, beef serves as a widely available alternative.

However, certain cultures, such as Hindu culture, discourage or even prohibit beef consumption, considering cows sacred.

Health professionals advise consuming beef in moderation, as it is high in cholesterol and fat.

Excessive beef consumption has been linked to various cardiovascular conditions and other health issues.

It is recommended to not only limit the intake of beef but also focus on consuming leaner cuts.

The advantages of incorporating beef into your diet include its contribution as a source of iron, zinc, proteins, and B vitamins.


If you’re a meat lover, you know that there’s nothing quite like sinking your teeth into a perfectly cooked steak or biting into a juicy burger.

However, there are so many different types of meat available. 

Each type has a unique flavor and texture, from beef and pork to lamb and game meat.

In our comprehensive guide, we have explored the different types of meat available and provided some tips on how to cook them to perfection.

Whether you’re a carnivore looking to expand your palate, start the journey of different types of meat listed above on our list, and you will love it.


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