The Black Bengal goat inhabits the eastern portion of India, specifically the states of West Bengal and bordering regions in Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, Mizoram, and Tripura.
It is also known as the Bengal black goat. According to the results of the 18th Livestock Census conducted in 2007, the total number of Black Bengal goats in the nation is 2,092,757. India is home to the most crucial number of animals of this type.
The creatures are primarily black, brown, or gray in color and occasionally white. This breed is well-known for the quality of the meat it produces, as well as the quality of its skin.
They have silky, short hair and tiny bodies. Both sexes have beards, small legs, and straight backs. Both sexes have straight backs. Horns can be straight or slightly upturned.
It has the highest reproductive rate of all Indian breeds. Therefore, it is not uncommon for two, three, or even four children to be born at that moment.
The practice of kidding occurs twice a year. Therefore, there is a correlation between the birth weight of the kid and the pre and post-weaning growth of the goat.
A study that examined factors other than genes on Black Bengal goat birth weight discovered that kind of birth and season of birth both affected goat birth weight. However, goat gender had little effect.
The meat is of high quality, and people may easily enjoy it. Male adults often weigh 25–30 kilograms, whereas adult females typically weigh 20–25 kg on average.
Milk output is low and only feeds the youngsters. Chamois leather, made from Black Bengal goat skin, is prized.
The farming of Black Bengal goats is lucrative but also fraught with danger. This is dependent on the everyday diet that you provide for your goats.
Overview of Black Bengel Goat
The chest of a Black Bengal goat is broad, the ears are always on top, and the horn can be either little or medium in size.
Their bodies are compact, and in comparison to other goat varieties, they have shorter stature. In addition, the skin’s hairs have a silky texture.
This type of goat produces offspring between the ages of 12 and 15 months or even earlier in some instances.
The pregnant state occurred for the female goat twice a year. They can have more than two children from each pregnancy if given the appropriate care and attention.
A goat that weighs about 20 kg will yield approximately 11 kg of usable meat and skin of superior quality for us to utilize.
The goat’s skin is an exceptionally valuable byproduct in and of itself. The semi-intensive strategy is particularly successful in producing Black Bengal goats.
Black Bengal goats come in various colors, even though their name suggests otherwise. These hues include black and white markings, gray, brown, and even markings that are comparable to those found on Alpine and Oberhasli goats.
The Black Bengal goat is an animal that is on the smaller side in terms of its overall size. The adult bucks weigh approximately 25-30 kilograms on average, whereas the adult does weigh approximately 20-25 kilograms.
Housing Position the goat’s abode in a dry and elevated location. In addition, you should construct the house in a location that is not at risk of being flooded.
The house should be constructed vertically from east to west and should face south for the best results. Finally, ensure an adequate water disposal facility within the shelter for your goats.
Goats do not like to dwell in places that are too crowded. Instead, they want places that are tidy and have the amenities of open air and natural light.
The ideal home for two goats would have dimensions of 5 feet in length, 1.5 feet in width, and 6 feet in height.
Therefore, it is advisable to allocate 10–14 square feet of room for an adult goat and 3–8 square feet of space for a newborn goat.
You can construct a home for your Bengal goats out of materials that are both inexpensive and readily available, such as concrete. Your available funds should really determine the type of residence you choose.
If you can construct a bamboo or wooden platform inside the house, that will serve your needs the best. It would be one meter high from the ground up, and the roof height would be between six and eight feet from the platform.
If you wish to keep the goat underground, you must ensure a sufficient amount of sand or husk on the floor. Also, the rainwater mustn’t come into the room directly.
During the colder months, sprinkle a thin layer of straw on the floor, about 1.5 inches thick. The goat will remain warm as a result of it.
They should clean the straw once or twice every week. Also, ensure a proper ventilation system. It will be beneficial to keep some large windows in the house.
Because systematic attempts to feed and breed appropriately are not in place, the output of meat and milk in Black Bengal and non-descriptive goats is insufficient.
This is because the Black Bengal goats are larger. People feed their animals various foods in both the tropics and the subtropics.
In the wet tropics, common pasture and forage grasses such as Guinea, Napier, and Pangola, among others, should be included.
In the dry tropics, common pasture and forage grasses include buffel, Columbus, and markarikari, among others.
You must have harvested the leaves of a significant number of trees to offer a choice of options and fulfill the nutrient requirements for production.
These include acacia, baphia, banana, cassava, etc. Concentrated feed is convenient for feeding your goats, and it can be made of grains and a meal high in protein.
Protein content in a concentrated feed should average about 15 percent.
Most Black Bengal goats are exceptionally mild-mannered, devoted, and warm-hearted. They are laid-back companions and generally need less attention and care than other animals.
Additionally, People can house them among other types of cattle.
The amount of money made by farming Black Bengal goats is contingent on the breed’s price, the quality of care and shelter provided, and then the management system’s efficiency.
Therefore, you should watch out for those factors at all times.
The technique of marketing goat goods is exceptionally straightforward. Because both the meat and milk produced by this breed are in high demand across the globe, therefore, you can handle the process of selling your products without concerning yourself with the process of selling your products.
Please try to sell your goat in a market with a relatively high demand for them. However, you should only move the goods so far on foot or in a vehicle to obtain additional benefits.
In addition, it is detrimental to the goat’s overall health.
Weight and Lifespan
Despite their diminutive size, their structure is relatively compact. The average adult female goat weighs between 20 and 25 kilograms, while an adult male goat might weigh anywhere from 25 to 30 kilograms.
As a result, the goat can rapidly adjust to any environment and has exceptionally high resilience to disease. The typical lifespan is between 8 and 10 years.
Due to the lesser monetary investment required and the relatively higher returns it provides, the goat is an excellent milk and meat animal for individuals living in rural areas.
However, the capacity of the Black Bengal goat to produce milk is insufficient. As a result, young goats may sometimes require a supplementary milk supply throughout the formative stages of their development.
The breed typically reaches sexual maturity between four months and six months. However, management procedures are frequently planned to postpone mating until the does are close to reaching their mature body weight.
You can do this to ensure that pregnancy does not occur during the period in which the does are actively growing.
As a result, the average age at which animals mate is approximately 12 months, intending to have their first offspring at 18 months.
The free-range way of raising goats is far less dangerous than the confined approach. Therefore, you must always remember the correct technique to manage the goat’s health.
It is incredibly detrimental to the industry if illnesses or other health issues are allowed to spread. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance to make the necessary preparations to prevent various goat ailments. In that case, you cannot anticipate making a profit from your farm.
The day you bring a goat to your farm is the first day you are responsible for monitoring its overall health state. First, be sure to take the temperature of the goat’s body.
The Black Bengal goat is known for its exceptional hardiness. They can make do with food of inferior quality, and, in general, they require almost no additional fodder when they are foraging in their natural environment.
These goats can adjust their behavior to thrive in various climatic circumstances. They can even successfully adapt to conditions that are different from those in Bangladesh.
Frequently Asked Questions
The topic of Black Bengal goats generates a lot of queries from people. In this section, we will list some questions and then attempt to answer them. I hope you get your answer soon. But if that’s not the case, feel free to inquire.
YES, without a doubt! The Black Bengal goat is exceptionally effective at transforming its diet into high-quality meat. As a result, they demand less attention and other forms of management. However, the cultivation of these goats for commercial purposes is hugely lucrative.
Getting a farm up and running with these Bengal goats is really simple. You are through once you have goats of a high grade, built a suitable home for them, provided them with nutritious food, and showed them proper care. They will produce meat of a very high standard.
The primary purpose for which Black Bengal goats is the production of meat. The grade of their meat is quite remarkable.
Not at all; the does produce very little milk. Therefore, it is not wise to keep these goats to obtain milk from them.
A Black Bengal goat can consume virtually anything as long as it is edible and in front of it.