Dairy goat breeds have a high capacity for producing milk. Milk production is the primary purpose for which these goat breeds are kept and raised on farms.
Milk from goats is nutritious and beneficial to one’s health in general. You could keep one or more dairy goats to provide your family with a steady supply of milk that is high in nutrients.
If you want to begin producing goat milk on a commercial scale, one of the other steps you need to take is to select dairy goat breeds known for their high productivity levels.
In addition to being simple to digest, goat milk is a very nutritious beverage. In addition, milk has a higher percentage of fat and a lower level of lactose when compared to other forms of milk, such as cow’s milk.
People who have problems digesting lactose can benefit from switching to goat milk because it is easier to digest.
Because of these factors, the demand for goat milk is increasingly becoming more widespread. In addition, getting into the goat farming industry for milk production is an excellent choice.
It doesn’t matter if you want to grow goats for large-scale commercial production or if you only want to raise one or a few goats for your family’s consumption: to obtain the most milk out of your goats, you need to choose dairy goat breeds that are of the highest possible quality.
Types of Dairy Goat Breeds
1. Nigerian Dwarf Goat
The adorable small milk-producing or rather dairy goat known as the Nigerian Dwarf is a breed of goat native to Nigeria.
Even though they are rather small, they nonetheless provide the milk. Their milk is used to manufacture some of the world’s most delicious cheeses, ice creams, and yogurts, and it has one of the highest butterfat and protein concentrations of any milk on the market.
These dairy goat breeds have small and compact bodies, long, slender necks, and legs that range from short to medium length.
Their coats come in a wide variety of colors. They also make wonderful companion animals and are an excellent choice for an urban homestead.
2. LaMancha Goat
The LaMancha is a dairy goat breed that people established in the United States, and it is known for being a breed that produces high-quality milk.
They are robust, durable, and can virtually adjust to any climate or terrain, thanks to their adaptability. They are also famous for the high butterfat content of their milk, making them ideal for producing cheeses made from goat’s milk.
Due to the unusually shortened length of its ears, one might describe this breed as having a very distinctive appearance. These ears can be purchased in either the “elf ear” or the “gopher ear” form, respectively.
The Roman nose shape and long, flowing ears are two distinguishing characteristics of these gorgeous goats.
They exude a sense of power, grace, and pride and carry themselves in a truly regal manner.
These dairy goat breeds also produce exceptionally high-quality milk, which is rich and has a high percentage of butterfat in it.
Their milk production is above average and has a mildly sweet and creamy flavor. The Nubian goat can have quite a few distinct coat colors, the most frequent of which is a mahogany brown with rich red undertones.
4. Oberhasli Goat
The Oberhasli goat often has a coat of the Chomoisee hue, although the does’ coats can occasionally be completely black in color.
These dairy goat breeds were first developed in Switzerland and are famous for the high quality of milk they produce and their pleasant demeanor.
They are extremely vigilant and powerful goats that are more than capable of protecting themselves from predators in various harsh environments and topographies.
5. Toggenburg Goat
The Toggenburg is a breed of goat recognized for being alert and lively despite its medium size and strong build.
They each have charming personalities, and you can be sure that no two of these goat characters are the same as the other.
6. Nigora Goat
The Angora Goat and the Nigerian Dwarf Goat contributed to the breeding process to create the Nigora Goat breed in the United States.
While establishing the Nigora, the breed’s creators were pleasantly surprised by this little goat’s surprisingly robust traits, including its outstanding fiber quality and milk output. The milk of these dairy goat breeds is rich in both protein and fat.
7. Guernsey Goat
Goats known as Guernseys or Golden Guernseys, were initially bred in the United Kingdom and later brought to the United States.
They have an even, friendly disposition and a gorgeous golden coloration all over their bodies. They have udders that are not overly difficult to milk and are positioned in a way that makes it easy to milk them.
These dairy goat breeds will continue to make milk for up to 284 days, with production reaching its peak approximately four to six weeks after the kid is born.
8. Saanen Goat
The Saanen goat is a dairy goat that people first developed in Switzerland. This breed ranges in size from medium to giant.
For a goat to be considered a Saanen, it must be white or a cream hue; otherwise, it is considered a Sable.
However, there is a possibility that they have a few freckles on their complexion, and their hair is quite short and lustrous.
These dairy goat breeds are attentive, and although Saanen goats are often aggressively muscular, the does of this breed have a rather feminine appearance for such a hardy breed.
9. Alpine Goat
The Alpine goat is a remarkably adaptive breed of goat that can traverse virtually any dangerous terrain with skilled grace and elegance.
They can be anywhere from medium to enormous in size, and in addition to being exceptionally resilient, they come in a wide variety of colors.
Most of the color patterns found on their coats have two tones, such as the Cou Blanc, which literally translates to “white-Neck.”
These diary goat breeds have a white front and are dark across the rump and hindquarters. After that, there are the Cou Clair, the Cou Noir, the Sundgau, the Pied, and a few others.
10. Sable Goat
The Sable, sometimes known as the Sable Saanen, is virtually identical to the Saanen, except that it can have a variety of coat colors and patterns, except for solid light cream or solid white. The Sable dairy goat is equally as productive as its Saanen sibling and is equally stunning.
Before people recognized the Sable as its own breed, Breeders would kill any young Saanen born with a color that was not solid white or solid cream. New Zealand was the first country to acknowledge this stunning goat as a breed in its own right.