Mongolian Horse: Horse Breed Profile and Information

Mongolian Horse
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The severe conditions of the steppes have shaped the Mongolian horse breed throughout millennia through natural selection, which an ancient process of human selection has supplemented.

Although it is relatively small—around the size of a pony—it is famous for its tenacity and travels with Mongolian nomads as they go about their daily lives.

It gives them a method of transportation, milk, and even meat occasionally during the winter months.

History of Mongolian Horse

The Mongolian horse breed is a native horse breed that originated in Mongolia. It is also one of the indigenous horse breeds that originated in China.

People consider them one of the oldest breeds of horses, with genetics that you can trace back to ancient times.

Experts assert that nomadic Mongolians have been keeping records of these horses for almost 2,000 years before the common era.

As a result of the length of its history, this breed has been able to have some level of influence over the evolution of other horse breeds not only in Asia but even in Europe.

For example, the Noma Horse, the Hokkaido Horse, the Kiso Horse, the Myako Horse, the Taishu Horse, the Misaki Horse, and the Tokara Horse are just a few of the Japanese horse breeds that may are affected by the Mongolian horse.

In addition, there is a genetic connection between Mongolian horses and breeds that originated in Scandinavia, as well as stallions hailing from Iceland, the British Isles, and other parts of Central Europe; for instance, the similarities between the Mongolian Horse breed and the Icelandic horse are striking.

History of Mongolian Horses in Prehistoric Times

Genghis Khan, who ruled Mongolia in the 13th century, relied on Mongolian horses because of their tenacity, vitality, and ability to care for themselves.

However, the fact that they were sometimes slower than other horses on the battlefield prevented them from being used as successful warhorses, even though they were otherwise effective.

Additionally, in addition to their usage as warhorses, the warriors consumed the meat and milk of these animals.

Despite its widespread popularity, organizations specializing in equine breeds have yet to recognize the Mongolian horse breed officially.

On the other hand, Mongolia’s native and nomadic people are primarily responsible for the upkeep of these horses.

And because horses living in Mongolia today spend a significant portion of their time outside during the year, they can survive in temperatures ranging from -40 degrees Fahrenheit to 86 degrees Fahrenheit.

As a result, people allow looking for food on their own, which they use for riding, transportation, employment, and racing, in addition to having their milk and meat harvested for consumption.

Overview of Mongolian Horse


The Mongolian horse breed is popular for having a demeanor that is famous for being loving and generous, particularly when he has become acquainted with his rider and is comfortable with them.

These horses are typically famous for their calm demeanor, friendliness, dependability, and loyalty to their owners.

In addition, these horses have a wide range of skills and capabilities, enabling people to utilize them in various contexts.

However, because they may be somewhat challenging, Before attempting to ride or train a horse, it is advisable that you first gain some experience working with horses, both to train them and to work with them so that they are comfortable around you.

This is because horses can be somewhat challenging to work together until they become comfortable with you. There are four distinct types of horses that are native to Mongolia.


The Mongolian horse breed, in general, is a beautiful breed with a distinctive appearance that helps to set it apart from other types.

For instance, the Mongolian horse breed is not a pony breed in any way. However, one characteristic that distinguishes it from other horse breeds is that it is significantly smaller than other horses.

It is also essential to be aware that there are, in fact, four distinct breeds of Mongolian horses, each of which is named after the location in Mongolia from where it came.

The steppe, the gobi, the mountains, and the forests are different sorts. The Forest is the heaviest and the largest of the four types of horses, despite the steppe being the fastest and the smallest, making it an excellent horse for riding.

The gobi is the most diminutive form of a desert horse, while the Mountain is a type that falls in the middle in terms of size and has a body structure that is comparable to that of the Altai Horse.

When examining a Mongolian horse breed, you may see that these animals have huge heads, short necks, and broad bodies.

These characteristics are characteristic of the Mongolian horse breed. In addition, their sturdy legs have decent joints but are short, and their hooves should be in good shape and challenging.

In general, their stocky build confers qualities of vigor, strength, and athleticism upon them. Although they are relatively few horses, Mongolians have great stamina. The Mongolian horse breed is not a pony breed, even though it is a miniature horse.


It is possible to find the Mongolian horse breed in a wide variety of colors since people in the various regions of Mongolia tend to like specific colors over others, and they will breed their horses according to their preferences.

Therefore, you can see different types of color patterns, including roan, brown, white, gray, shun, bay, dun, black, and palomino.

Prescriptions for Personal Hygiene

If you are the proud owner of one of these horses, regular grooming sessions will help to ensure the animal’s health and happiness.

Even though the Mongolian horse breed is famous for being self-sufficient, and these horses are often left outside to fend for themselves, even in harsh conditions, these horses still require regular attention from their owners.

In addition, grooming your horse is an excellent method to strengthen the link you share with him and build trust, which is an essential quality.

When your horse’s coat becomes too filthy for a typical grooming session, you can wash him using a mild shampoo designed specifically for horses.

Alternately, you might use a combination of a shedding blade, a dandy brush, a body finishing brush, and a curry comb to thoroughly remove dirt, debris, and loose hair from your horse’s coat.

You will need a hoof pick to completely clean any dirt from the hooves while inspecting for illnesses or injuries, and a mane comb and tail brush will allow you to detangle and smooth out the mane and tail of your horse, respectively.

Finally, a damp, soft cloth could do the trick when you need to clean around sensitive areas such as the eyes and ears.

This is especially important to keep in mind. When you finish, the horse’s coat should be silky smooth and shiny.


Mongolian horse breeds can live up to 20 to 40 years.

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