2 Types of Eagles in Minnesota (With Pictures)

Types of Eagles in Minnesota
Photo by Thomas de LUZE on Unsplash

There are two types of eagles in Minnesota. Among the birds that call Minnesota, their home is two species of eagles, the Bald Eagle and the Golden Eagle.

These magnificent birds are a symbol of freedom and strength and have a significant impact on the environment and the local ecosystem.

This article will explore the physical characteristics, habitat and distribution, food and hunting habits, reproduction and life cycle, and conservation and protection efforts of Bald and Golden Eagles in Minnesota.

1. Bald Eagle

American Bald Eagle

Minnesota is an important habitat for bald eagles due to its numerous lakes, rivers, and wetlands, providing the birds with ample food sources and suitable nesting habitats.

The state is home to a thriving population of bald eagles and is considered one of the country’s best places to observe these magnificent birds in the wild.

Bald eagles’ presence among Minnesota‘s types of eagles has significant ecological, cultural, and economic impacts, and efforts are being made to conserve and protect these birds and their habitats.

Bald Eagles are large birds of prey known for their distinctive white head and tail feathers.

In Minnesota, the adult bald eagle can grow up to 3 feet long and have a wingspan of up to 7 feet.

Their bodies are mostly covered in dark brown feathers, while their head, neck, and tail are covered in white feathers.

They use a sharp, hooked beak to tear apart their prey and strong, powerful talons to catch and hold on to their food.

Bald eagles in Minnesota also have keen eyesight, with eyes four times more sensitive to light than human eyes, allowing them to spot prey from high up in the sky easily.

These types of eagles in Minnesota are active hunters and often hunt in pairs or small groups.

They use their sharp talons and powerful beak to capture and kill their prey.

The birds are skilled at diving and diving from high altitudes to snatch their prey from the water or the ground.

Bald eagles in Minnesota are also known to steal food from other birds, such as ospreys.

Bald eagles in Minnesota lay their eggs in late May or early June, and the incubation lasts about 35 days.

Once the eggs hatch, the female eagle will stay with the chicks to keep them warm and protected, while the male eagle will bring food to the nest.

The chicks will remain in the nest for about 12 to 14 weeks, gradually becoming stronger and more capable of flight.

Once the chicks reach maturity, they leave the nest to establish their territories.

Minnesota’s bald eagle population has remarkably recovered thanks to conservation and protection efforts.

It is now considered to be one of the largest in the country. This has helped ensure the survival of this magnificent bird in the state and continues to be a source of pride and inspiration for Minnesotans.

2. Golden Eagle

Golden Eagle

The Golden Eagle is also among the types of eagles in Minnesota. This large bird of prey is native to the northern hemisphere.

With a wingspan ranging from 6 to 7 feet, they are one of the largest birds in North America.

Golden Eagles are known for their sharp talons, keen eyesight, and exceptional hunting abilities.

These birds are known for their distinctive golden-brown feathers on the back of their heads and neck and their long, broad wingspan.

Physical characteristics of golden eagles in Minnesota include large body size, with males reaching up to 2 feet in length and a wingspan of up to 7 feet.

They have strong, sharp talons and beaks and are covered in feathers that provide insulation to survive in colder temperatures.

Their eyesight is exceptional, allowing them to spot prey from great distances. They also have keen hearing and can locate prey by sound.

In Minnesota, Golden Eagles prefer to nest in remote and secluded areas, such as on cliffs or tall trees, away from human disturbance.

They tend to hunt in open areas, where they can spot their prey from a great height and then swoop down to catch it.

These types of eagles in Minnesota are known to breed in remote and wild areas, and they typically lay 1 to 3 eggs in a stick nest built in a tall tree or on a cliff.

The eggs hatch after about 43 days, and the chicks are cared for by both parents for several months until they can fly and hunt independently.

The average lifespan of a golden eagle in the wild is about 15 years. 


These types of eagles in Minnesota have different physical characteristics, habitat preferences, feeding habits, and life cycles, which help to distinguish one from the other. Both species play a vital role in maintaining the delicate. 

Whether you’re an avid birder or a wildlife lover, these magnificent birds are a true treasure of Minnesota’s natural heritage.

They continue to inspire awe and wonder in all who observe them.

Notify of

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
You May Also Like